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New Iraq Resolution Unites Security Council; Lifts Economic Sanctions

Wirth Cites Strengthened UN Role in Iraq, Enhanced US-UN Relations

Washington, DC —   May 22, 2003

Today’s unanimous vote by members of the United Nations Security Council on the resolution outlining reconstruction efforts in Iraq marks important progress in restoring U.S.-UN relations and ensuring a stronger UN-role in post-war efforts, said United Nations Foundation President Timothy E. Wirth.

“The international consensus behind the Security Council resolution is a huge step forward for the people of Iraq to help secure peace and build a new government with the legitimacy it needs to succeed,” Wirth said. “Ensuring significant UN involvement in ongoing relief and reconstruction efforts in Iraq is not only essential for the country’s quick recovery, but also assures that the U.S. does not have to carry the burdens of reconstruction alone,” he said.

Wirth stressed that the United Nations already is making a critical difference by providing humanitarian assistance in Iraq and will be an invaluable partner in reconstruction. “The United Nations has unique expertise not only in meeting the urgent humanitarian needs of the Iraqi people, but also with post-war reconstruction efforts and the development of new civilian administrations,” Wirth said. “United Nations involvement provides legitimacy, which is crucial to the success of an interim authority in Iraq.”

The Security Council resolution strengthens the UN role in Iraq by giving it more responsibility in the establishment of a democratic government, calling for the appointment of a UN special representative, and opening the door for the return of UN weapons inspectors. In addition, the resolution puts an end to almost all of the UN sanctions imposed on Iraq since 1990, and phases out the UN oil-for-food program over six months.

While the resolution gives the U.S. and Britain broad control over Iraq and its oil reserves, it calls for the creation of a Development Fund to channel resources and the establishment of an advisory board, including the United Nations, World Bank, and IMF officials, to monitor oil sales.

“Transparency in the use of any oil revenues is of utmost importance for the transition in Iraq and the success of the interim administration,” Wirth said. “Involving international organizations like the United Nations and the World Bank, in the monitoring of these funds is essential for conferring legitimacy.”

The United Nations Foundation was created in 1998 with businessman and philanthropist R.E. Turner’s historic gift to support UN causes. The United Nations Foundation promotes a more peaceful, prosperous, and just world through the support of the United Nations and its Charter. Through its grantmaking and by building new and innovative public-private partnerships, the United Nations Foundation acts to meet the most pressing health, humanitarian, socioeconomic, and environmental challenges of the 21st century.

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The United Nations Foundation was created in 1998 with businessman and philanthropist R.E. Turner’s historic gift to support UN causes. The United Nations Foundation promotes a more peaceful, prosperous, and just world through the support of the United Nations and its Charter. Through its grantmaking and by building new and innovative public-private partnerships, the United Nations Foundation acts to meet the most pressing health, humanitarian, socioeconomic,
and environmental challenges of the 21st century.  

 
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