Michèle Duvivier Pierre-Louis: Prime Minister, Haiti, 2008-2009
In 2008, Michèle Duvivier Pierre-Louis became Prime Minister of Haiti, only the second woman to hold this position. While Prime Minister, Pierre-Louis also served as Minister of Justice and Public Security. Since her return to Haiti in 1976, after her studies abroad, she devoted special attention to improving literacy and adult education. She also held training sessions for traditional midwives, opened libraries, and made education her pet project. From 1979 to 1982 she served as Assistant Director of the Airport. She has also served in the private sector as Director of Credit at Bank of Nova Scotia (1976 to 1979) and Officer of Administration and Human Resources Finance Corporation to the Haitian Development (SOFHIDES - 1983 to 1984). In 1986 she became a National Trainer in the literacy campaign Mission Alpha. In 1991, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide entrusted her with the task of redefining the mission of the state and coordination between the Presidency and the Ministers, taking into account the demands of peasant organizations for agrarian reform. Since 1995 she has directed the Knowledge and Freedom Foundation (FOKAL) which defends the fundamental position that real change can only take place if those concerned become the main actors, it operates in the areas of education, culture, community development, environment, gender equity, civil society, and training of young entrepreneurs.