Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf: President, Switzerland, 2012
Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf is a Swiss lawyer, politician, and was a member of the Swiss Federal Council from 2008 to 2015. She was the head of the Federal Department of Finance (the Swiss Finance Minister). She served as President of the Swiss Confederation for the year 2012. She is the sixth woman to be elected to the Swiss Federal Council. She worked as a lawyer from 1987 to 1998. She was elected to the district court of Trin in 1985, presiding from 1991 to 1997. As a member of the Swiss People's Party, she was the cantonal legislative of Grisons from 1994 to 1998, and in 1998 was elected to the cantonal government as the first woman, acting as president in 2001 and 2005.
Widmer-Schlumpf was named as an alternative candidate to Christoph Blocher by the Christian Democrat, Social Democrat and Green fractions in the Swiss Federal Council elections of December 12, 2007 and was elected Federal Councilor. She accepted her election on December 13, 2007. She assumed Blocher's old portfolio as head of the Department of Justice and Police. Following a reshuffle of portfolios after the by-election of two new councilors in 2010, Widmer-Schlumpf sat as the head of the Federal Department of Finance. In response to national leadership of the Swiss People’s Party opposition, the former SVP Grisons section formed the Conservative Democratic Party of Switzerland. The SVP's Bern section, of which Schmid is a member, also joined the new party. Widmer-Schlumpf was elected Vice-President of the Confederation for 2011, alongside President-elect Micheline Calmy-Rey. On December 14, 2011 she was elected President of the Confederation in 2012. Widmer-Schlumpf received her degree in law at the University of Zürich in 1981 and her LLD in 1990.