Violeta Barrios de Chamorro: President, Nicaragua, 1990-1997
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was the first and only female president of Nicaragua, and the first Latin American woman elected to the office by election. Chamorro was involved in the Sandinista revolution in 1979, and after nearly a decade of civil war and economic sanctions, Chamorro was chosen as the presidential candidate of the National Opposition Union, a coalition that ran against and defeated the Sandinistas and then-President Daniel Ortega. Although the alliance broke up after the election, Chamorro brought peace to Nicaragua, worked to strengthen political institutions, and instituted a number of military and economic reforms. After her term ended, Chamorro left politics and now lives at home in the Nicaraguan capital of Managua.